Hair Shears: How-To Guide
Taking Care of your Hair Shears:
Keeping your hair shears clean and well maintained will prolong the life of sharp edges and the overall life of your hair scissors. Scissors are worn by general usage, hair, dust/dirt, chemicals and other intentional or inadvertent contact with the blade edges. Continued use of dull, dirty, or damaged shears will speed the deterioration of your shears.
1. Clean, dry, and lubricate your shears at the end of each work day.
2. Check your shears for adjustment (tension), at least once each day.
3. Check for nicks or other damage if dropped. If you see damage, set aside and call your Shiro Shears Distributor, or contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Continuing to cut with scissors that have been nicked will cause additional damage.
4. Check your shears for sharpness at least once each month. See “Testing for Sharpness”, below.
5. Handle your shears with gentle care. Protect the edges from everything except clean hair.
6. Store and transport your shears in the case they came in, or buy a good quality leather pouch for protection.
1. Don’t use your hair shears when out of balance (adjustment) or nicked from dropping.
2. Don’t store your shears when dirty.
3. Don’t “throw” your shears in a drawer when not in use.
4. Don’t lend your shears to anyone.
5. Don’t “pressure cut” (torque the blades together.) This means squeezing harder with your thumb when the shears start to get dull.
6. Don’t let your shears come into contact with any comb sterilization, perm or color solution; it may cause corrosion and other damage to your shears.
Thoroughly clean your shears with warm, soapy water and dry with a clean, soft towel. Be careful not to cut yourself with the sharp edges. Make certain your shears are thoroughly dry between the blades.
After cleaning and drying your shears, carefully open to a 90-degree angle. Put one or two drops of top quality hair scissors lubricant into the “joint”. It assists the cleaning process by washing out dirt and debris from under the pivot and leaves a wax-like coating. It is best not to use oil, as it attracts dust, lint, and hair. (Do not use lubricant on your clippers; they do require oil.)
Adjusting Tension (Balancing):
Adjusting tension is an important part of getting the best results from your shears. To check the tension on your shears, lift the blade handle to a 90-degree angle and let it fall. Your shears should close approximately two thirds of the way. If it falls completely closed, the tension is too loose, and the scissorswill fold the hair. If it is too tight, it will cause unnecessary wear and user fatigue. Your shears can have a variety of tension adjustment methods. The most common are listed below:
1. A precision flat screw holding the shears together which can be loosened or tightened with a screw driver or a coin placed in the groove on the top of the screw. Turn right to tighten and left to loosen.
2. A tension adjustable nut which can be loosened or tightened by turning with your thumb and finger.
3. Other, more expensive, shearsmay require a specialized key.
Testing for Sharpness:
A dull pair of shearswill begin “crunching” the hair; progress to pushing the hair away as you are trying to cut; and finally, pulling the hair. Do not make the mistake of waiting too long to have your shears sharpened. Cutting with dull shears can cause split ends for your client and hinder you from providing the professional cut you intend.
Begin the testing process by spraying a section of Sanek®-strip with water. Get it completely wet. This will emulate wet hair and allow you to see graphically what your shears are doing as you cut hair. Gently make a full blade cut through the wet Sanek®-strip. Make sure you are not torquing the blades. If your shears are sharp, they will make a clean cut the full length of the blade.
When beginning to dull, they will cut part-way and then fold a portion of the Sanek®-strip. The cut portion may appear “feathered” rather than crisply cut. If they are very dull, they will simply bend the Sanek®-strip without cutting.
We recommend you have your shears sharpened every 600-700 haircuts. This is about every 3-4 months. This will assure that you are always using sharp tools. (Poor quality shears will need sharpening more often, as will shears in a very busy “cuts only” salon.) Yourshears will actually last longer if they are sharpened regularly.
Written By:Shiro Shears